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大戟科藤本類植物
[來源:原創] [作者:aywl] [日期:17-05-16] [瀏覽次數:]

大戟科,雙子葉植物,約300屬,8000種以上,廣布于全球,中國有66屬,約864種,各地俱產之,但主產地為西南至臺灣,大部有毒,有些供藥用,有些供食用,有些為工業上的重要原料,有些供庭園觀賞用。大戟科起源于第三紀,除北極及寒冷的高山帶以外,遍布于全世界,主要產于熱帶和亞熱帶地區。大戟科的分布中心是印度-馬來西亞區和巴西。中國約72屬450多種,遍布中國各省區,主要產于西南。 Euphorbiaceae, dicotyledonous plants, 300 genus, 8000 species of the above, all world, China has 66 genus, 864 species, across all of the production, but the leading producer of southwest to Taiwan, most toxic, some for medicinal, some for food, some of the important raw material for industry, some for garden ornamental. The euphorbia stem from the tertiary, except for the arctic and the cold, high mountain bands, which are all over the world, mainly in tropical and subtropical regions. The center of the euphorbia is india-malaysia and Brazil. China has about 72 genera and 450 species, all over the provinces of China, mainly in the southwest. 藤本植物,植物體細長,不能直立,只能依附別的植物或支持物,纏繞或攀援向上生長的植物。藤本依莖質地的不同,又可分為木質藤本與藤本草質。藤本植物分布很廣,大部分的藤本植物都具有發達的根系和較強的萌蘗力。在垂直綠化中常用的藤本植物,有的用吸盤或卷須攀援而上,有的垂掛覆地,用長的枝和蔓莖,美麗的枝葉和花朵組成景觀。許多藤本植物除觀葉外還可以觀花,有的藤本植物還散發芳香,有些藤本植物的根、莖、葉、花、果實等還可以提供藥材、香料等。利用藤本植物發展垂直綠化,可提高綠化質量,改善和保護環境,創造景觀、生態、經濟三相宜的園林綠化效果。 The plant of the vine, the plant body is slender, cannot stand upright, can attach to other plant or support object, coil or climb the plant that grows up. Depending on the texture of the stem, it can be divided into wooden cane and rattan grass. The plants are widely distributed, most of which have developed roots and strong titillering forces. Commonly used in vertical greening vines, some with suction cups or tendrils climbing up, some hung over and over, with long branches and trailing stems, leaves and flowers of beauty. Many vines in addition to the foliage can also flower, some vines still smell, some vines of root, stem, leaf, flower, fruit, etc. Can also provide medicinal herbs and spices, etc. With the development of vertical afforestation, the plant can improve the quality of afforestation, improve and protect the environment, and create the landscaping effect of landscape, ecology and economy.

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