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立秋后花卉管理技巧
[來源:原創] [作者:aywl] [日期:17-05-23] [瀏覽次數:]

老話說:“立秋十八日,寸草都結籽”,就是說立秋以后自然界的植物都要結籽、結束生命了。這個節氣對養花的人來說也是很重要的,有不少花卉要加強肥、水管理,進行秋剪、養護,使植株增強抗逆性。比如即將開花的桂花要增施一些含磷、鉀肥的肥水,一進九月就要開花了;冬天開花的梅花經過扣水,促使葉芽向花芽轉化,形成的花芽要通過增施磷、鉀肥增壯,且要保護好葉子不脫落;而蘭花要保持空氣的濕度,防止秋燥,增施含磷、鉀肥多的肥料,促使春蘭、春蕙花芽增長;(比如春蘭剛見花蕾要促其壯大)枸杞要適當剪枝,促使秋花多開并結實。菊花里的早菊已花蕾挺大了,大立菊也要疏蕾打叉,等等。所以立秋后對花卉管理事情還不少。   灌溉   灌溉宜早、晚進行,忌中午高溫時灌溉,忌用溫差較大的冷水??傻孛鏉补?,也可進行葉面噴水降溫。   遮蔭   對喜陰的花卉苗木繼續進行遮陰處理,防止日灼,如龜背竹、杜鵑、文竹、蕨類、蘭花等。   繁殖  ?。?)播種??刹シN的木本花卉有牡丹、羅漢松等,種子可隨采隨播;可播種的草木花卉有矮牽牛、金魚草、旱金蓮、金盞菊等。  ?。?)扦插??汕げ宸敝车牟荼净ɑ苡邢悴?、半枝蓮、天竺葵等;適宜扦插繁殖的木本花卉有九重葛、米蘭、杜鵑、茶花、羅漢松等。  ?。?)嫁接。以紫玉蘭、白玉蘭為砧木,芽接二喬玉蘭;以毛桃為砧木,嫁接碧桃、紫葉桃、紅葉李;以青楓為砧木,嫁接紅楓、羽毛楓;以野薔薇等為砧木,嫁接現代月季等。  ?。?)壓條??蓧簵l繁殖的花沒有:蠟梅、凌霄、桂花、紫玉蘭、紅楓等。  ?。?)分株??蛇M行分株繁殖的花卉有:吉祥草、玉簪、水傘草、鳶尾、菖蒲、腎蕨等。   肥水管理   對生長旺盛的花卉,應每隔半月施肥一次,對正在開花的花卉,應追施適量的磷鉀肥。   修剪摘芽   對紅繼木、金葉女貞、法國冬青等綠籬,及時進行修剪;對月季、紫薇、米蘭、茉莉等花卉,應剪除殘花敗梗并適當縮剪,剪去病蟲枝、弱枝等,促使其萌發新枝再度開花。   采種   可采收的木本花卉種子有牡丹、羅漢松、夏蠟梅等??刹墒盏牟荼净ɑ芊N子有:芍藥、半枝蓮、鳳仙花、牽?;ǖ?。 The old saying goes: "on the eighteenth day of the autumn, the grass bears seed", which means that the plants of the natural world will be able to bear the seeds and end their lives after autumn. This is also very important to the people who raise flowers, there are a lot of flowers to strengthen the fertilizer, the water management, the autumn shear, the maintenance, make the plant strengthens the resistance. For example, the flower that is about to blossom will increase the amount of phosphorus and fertilizer, which will bloom in September. The flower bud of the flower that blooms in the winter, which causes the bud to turn from the bud to the bud of the bud, is to increase the phosphorus and fertilizer, and to protect the leaves from falling off. And the orchid wants to keep the humidity of the air, prevent autumn drying, increase the fertilizer that contains phosphorous, potash, prompt the spring orchid, spring hui flower bud growth; (for example, spring land has just seen a bud to boost its growth) the goji berries need to be pruned properly, prompting the autumn flowers to be open and firm. The chrysanthemum flower bud is already very big, the daisies also want to be in the bud, and so on. So after the fall, there was a lot of management of flowers. Irrigation irrigation should be done early and late, not to be irrigated at noon, and not to be used in cold water. The water can be irrigated on the ground and can also be used for the cooling of the surface water. The shade of the shade of the flower seedlings of the shade will continue to do shade processing to prevent the sun from burning, such as bamboo, cuckoo, bamboo, fern, orchid, etc. Multiply (1) sow. The seeds can be planted with the planting of peony and luo hansong. The seeds can be seeded with low draught, goldfish grass, dry golden lotus, and golden chrysanthemum. (2) cutting. Cuttable herbs with herbs, half branches, geranium, etc. It is suitable for cuttings and breeding of woody flowers, such as nine, milan, cuckoo, tea flower, and luo hansong. (3) grafting. In the purple and yulan, the magnolia is the root stock, the bud is the two julan; The root of the root stock is the root of the root of the tree, and the tree is made of green peach, purple leaf peach and red leaf plum. It is a root stock with green maple, grafted red maple and feather maple; It is the root stock, such as the wild rose, etc. (4) the pressure bar. The flower that can be pressed to reproduce is not: wax plum, the sky, osmanthus, violet, red maple etc. (5) the strain. The flowers that can be divided into the plant are: auspicious grass, jade, water umbrella grass, iris, calamus, kidney fern etc. The fertilizer should be fertilized once every two months, and the flowers should be fertilized. Pruning and plucking the green hedge, such as the red tree, the golden leaf and the winter green, and the pruning of the trees. Of flowers such as Chinese rose, jasmine, crape myrtle, milan, should be cut off from stray flower defeated terrier and appropriately shrink shear, cut off the branches of diseases and pests, such as weak branches, its germination should blossom again. The seeds of the harvested wood are peony, luo hansong, summer wax may etc. The seeds of the harvested herbs are: peony, semi, balinis and morning glory.

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