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草本植物可分為一、二年草本、多年生草本及球根植物
[來源:原創] [作者:不詳] [日期:21-01-21] [瀏覽次數:]

草本植物可分為一、二年草本、多年生草本及球根植物。雖或具觀葉價值,但仍以觀花為主要目的。因此,此處著重于草本花卉的探討。 A year or two, herbaceous plants can be divided into the herb, perennial herb and bulbous plants. Although or foliage ornamental value, but still it is main purpose to flower. Therefore, focused on herbaceous flowers here. •草本花卉從栽培至開花通常僅需數月,較之木本花卉在栽培上更具變化性。 , herbaceous flowers blossom from cultivation to usually only a few months, compared with woody flower more variability in cultivation. •品種繁多而花色繽紛,適應性廣,且多以種子繁殖,短期內可獲大量植株。 • variety and design and color is colorful, wide adaptability, and to seed breeding, to a large number of plants in the short term. •可利用的范圍廣泛,適用于公園、庭園、陽臺、花壇及盆栽或切花觀賞之用。 Available a wide range, suitable for park, garden, balcony, flower beds and potted plants or cut flowers ornamental purposes. (1)一、二年生草本花卉 (1) a, biennial herbaceous flowers •一、二年生草本花卉花色鮮麗,裝飾效果強,但生命期短,管理費工,故在園中僅用于重點地區裝飾各式花壇。 , a biennial herbaceous flowers and bold colors, adornment effect is strong, but life is short, the management work, it is only used to decorate all kinds of flower beds in the key areas in the garden. (2)多年生花卉 (2) perennial flowers •具有的突出特點 • have the prominent characteristic •①一次種植,多年觀賞; Watch, (1) a plant, for several years; •②因植株體相對矮小,適用于花壇、花境、花叢、花帶及地被中; , (2) for the plant body is relatively small, be applicable to the flower beds, flower, flower, is taken and cover; •③裝飾作用強,觀賞價值高; (3) strong adornment effect, high ornamental value; •④適應性強; 4. Strong adaptability; •⑤管理簡便,投入少。 , (5) management is simple, low cost. 多年生宿根花卉在造景中的應用 Perennial perennial root flowers and plants in the application of the landscape •2.1形成專類花園 對觀賞性較高的多年生花卉,根據其生長特性與藝術要求,可形成專類花園,如芍藥園、水生植物園、鳶尾園、巖石園、室內花園等。 • 2.1 form the theme garden For higher ornamental of the perennial flowers, according to the requirements of the growth characteristics and art, can form only kind garden, such as aquatic botanical garden, peony garden, iris garden, rock garden, indoor garden, etc. •2.2與建筑、道路、水體的搭配 多年生花卉與建筑的協調關系,主要體現在建筑的門、窗、墻、角隅等方面,建筑的線條比較硬,而多年生花卉的線條則比較柔和和活潑。 • 2.2 the collocation with buildings, roads, water body Perennial flowers and construction coordination, mainly reflected in the construction of doors, Windows, walls, corner, etc., the line of construction is hard, and perennial flowers line is more soft and lively. •2.3與其它植物材料的配植 多年生花卉是植物材料中的一個組成部分,它與其它植物有密切的關系,多年生花卉相對比較矮小,所以與其它植物特別是木本植物相配植時,用作地被較多,但也可在林緣或空曠地、草地上作主景材料使用,通過配植多年生花卉可起到豐富植物景觀的層次結構,增加植物物候景觀變化等作用,從而有效地提高了植物造景的藝術效果。 2.3 with other plant materials, and shrubs Perennial flowers is an integral part of plant materials, which have close relationship with other plants, perennial flowers is relatively small, so with other plants, especially woody plants suitable plant, being used more, but also can be in the margin or clearing forests and grass for observe materials used, through the plant perennial flowers has rich plant landscape of hierarchical structure, increase the plant phenology landscape change of role, effectively improved the plant landscaping art effect.

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